Methodology - 1



Sustainable Urban Design Methodology

AKAM Architects see cities as dynamic systems which require the use of multi-disciplinary approaches for their planning and management. The magnitude and dynamics of urban areas are major challenges for our Engineers that are responsible for their planning and management.

AKAM Architects are developing and implementing effective urban planning and management approaches in order to create viable and liable cities for both present and future generations.
AKAM Architects secret for successful, competitive cities is planning and designing all key-cities as hubs of technological excellence, by means of brilliant infrastructures, and clever sustainable systems in order to protect and preserve their resources. Design safe new cities based on strong social and political structures, cities that can and will serve the domestic and international markets, strategically placed as international economic and trading poles.

Cities are designed by AKAM Architects using renewable energy sources, such as tidal flow electricity generation, wind turbines, solar panels, or bio-gas created from sewage.

AKAM Architects when designing cities provide economies in planning that make energy sources viable.
Various methods to reduce the need for air cooling (a massive energy demand), such as planting trees and lightening surface colors, creating natural ventilation systems between buildings by leaving distances between them, such as increase in water features, and green spaces equaling at least 20% of the city's surface.
The above AKAM Architects measures, counter the "heat island effect" caused by an abundance of tarmac and asphalt, which can make urban areas several degrees warmer than surrounding rural areas, as much as six degrees Celsius during the evening.

In order to maintain the aspect of social responsibility inherent within the concept of a city, implementing sustainable transportation must include access to transportation by all levels of society. In order to make public transportation more accessible, the cost of rides will be affordable and stations will be located no more than reasonable walking distance in each part of the city.
As studies have shown, this accessibility creates a great increase in social and productive opportunity for city residents. By allowing lower income residents cheap and available transportation, it allows for individuals to seek employment opportunities all over the urban city area rather than simply the area in which they live. This in return reduces unemployment and a number of associated social problems such as crime, drug use, and violence.

By proposing improved sustainable public transport and by using a smart approach to city planning, with integrated business and residential zones, AKAM Architects can reduce CO2 emissions and save on energy consumption and environmental resources.
Using optimal building density to make residential areas viable and combine residential and business districts will avoid the creation of long urban distances for residents to cover. Result of reduced distances leads to reduced energy consumption.

Solutions to decrease heat amounts will be to use green roofs, zero-emission transport, zero-energy building, sustainable urban drainage systems, energy conservation systems/devices, Xeriscaping - garden and landscape design for water conservation, Key Performance Indicators, development and operational management tools are systems that will provide results and guidance for city administrators.

Top Issues that AKAM Architects will deal while designing cities
  1. Power Generation Systems
  2. Water Desalination
  3. Sustainable Sources of Energy
  4. Highway links with other areas


Economic Infrastructures
  • AKAM Architects include on master planning and design, major business logistics facilities and systems, including warehouses as well as warehousing and shipping management systems
  • AKAM Architects include manufacturing infrastructure, including industrial parks and special economic zones and processing plants for basic materials used as inputs in industry, specialized energy, transportation and water infrastructure used by industry, plus the public safety, zoning and environmental techniques that govern and serve industrial activity.
  • AKAM Architects include agricultural, forestry and fisheries infrastructure, including specialized food and livestock transportation and storage facilities together with Temperature Control Warehouses, major feedlots, agricultural support systems, agricultural health standards, Agro Export Processing Plant, experimental farms and agricultural research centers and schools.
Cultural, sports and recreational infrastructure
  • AKAM Architects include sports and recreational infrastructure, such as parks and sports facilities, shopping malls, cultural infrastructure, such as concert halls, museums, libraries, theatres, studios, and specialized training facilities
  • AKAM Architects include business travel and tourism infrastructures, including both man-made and natural attractions, convention centers, 5 star hotels, restaurants and other services that cater mainly to tourists and business travelers, as well as the systems for informing and attracting tourists, and travel safety
Social Health and Educational infrastructures
  • AKAM Architects include a modern health care system, containing major hospitals, laboratories, medical centers, in order to create a medical economy that will sustain resident’s health to high levels and also attract medical tourism.
  • AKAM Architects include modern educational and research systems, containing elementary and secondary schools, universities, specialized colleges, research institutions, educational institutions, social welfare systems, accentuating government support for the poor, for people in distress or victims of abuse.
Transport infrastructure
  • AKAM Architects will modern road and highway networks, containing structures (bridges, tunnels, culverts, retaining walls), signage and markings, electrical systems (street lighting and traffic lights), edge treatments (curbs, sidewalks, landscaping), and specialized facilities such as road maintenance depots and rest areas.
  • AKAM Architects include modern mass transit systems such as commuter rail systems, subways, tramways, trolleys, and bus transportation.
  • AKAM Architects include modern railways, including structures, terminal facilities (rail yards, railway stations), level crossings, signaling and communications systems, bicycle paths and pedestrian walkways, including pedestrian bridges, pedestrian underpasses and other specialized structures for cyclists and pedestrians
  • AKAM Architects include modern seaports and lighthouses system, new modern airports that are including last technology air navigational systems
Water management infrastructure
  • AKAM Architects include modern drinking water supply infrastructures, containing the system of pipes, storage reservoirs, pumps, valves, filtration and treatment equipment and meters, including buildings and structures to house the equipment, used for the collection, treatment and distribution of drinking water
  • AKAM Architects include modern sewage collection and disposal of waste water systems with drainage systems (storm sewers, ditches, etc.), together with major irrigation systems (reservoirs, irrigation canals)
  • AKAM Architects propose a modern coastal management, including structures such as seawalls, breakwaters, groins, floodgates, as well as the use of soft engineering techniques such as beach nourishment, sand dune stabilization and the protection of mangrove forests and coastal wetlands.
Communications infrastructure
  • AKAM Architects include a modern telephone networks system (land lines) including telephone exchange systems, mobile phone networks, television and radio transmission stations, cable television physical networks including receiving stations and cable distribution networks, Internet, including the internet infrastructure, core routers and server farms and undersea cables (where needed)
  • AKAM Architects will include a modern major telecommunications networks system, such as those used for internal communication and monitoring by major infrastructure companies, by governments, by the military or by emergency services, as well as national research and education or distribution networks.